The European Union supports actions in order to reach the EU objectives in different sectors through programmes that co-finance transnational projects, which means they are usually implemented by a partnership of at least three partners coming from three different Member States.
The European programmes allocate so-called direct funds, which are managed by the European Commission. Indeed, the General Directions and the Executive Agencies are in charge of transferring the funding to the beneficiaries of the grants.
Programmes are adopted by EU Regulations, which are proposed by the European Commission and approved by the council of the European Union and the European Parliament. Regulations define objectives, type of activities that can be funded, potential beneficiaries and the budget of the Programme. These elements are then organised and specified in the annual Work Programmes.
The European Commission, through its General Directions and the Executive Agencies, is in charge of the realisation of the Programmes. In particular, the European Commission publishes the calls for proposals on the Official Journal of the European Union (OJEU) and on the homepage of the Authority in charge of the management. Generally, the financial contribution foreseen by the European programmes with direct funding do not cover the entire budget of the project. The percentage of co-financing varies according to the different calls for proposals.
Here under you will find a brief description of the European Programmes and a link to the respective Work Programmes.
AMIF - Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund
AMIF is the Programme of the European Union that supports Member States in managing migration flows in an effective way, in receiving refugees and displaced persons and in addressing the related issues. The Programme finances concrete actions including several initiatives, such as the improvement of the conditions of the reception and accommodation services, information campaigns in extra EU States on legal migration channels, the teaching of European languages for migrants, support to vulnerable people, exchange of information and cooperation among EU States and the training of relevant staff.
CEF - Connecting Europe Facility
The Connecting Europe Facility supports trans- European networks and infrastructures in the sectors of transport, telecommunications and energy. CEF supports the development and the realisation of new services and infrastructures, as well as the modernisation of the existing ones.
The aim of the Programme is to contribute to the guarantee of a high protection of the consumers’ (rights) inside the European Union, to centralise their role in the common market, and to strengthen responsible consumption. The Programme integrates supports and coordinates the action of the member States in this sector.
COSME - Competitiveness of enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises
COSME, the Programme promoting competitiveness of enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), finances projects promoting entrepreneurship and internationalization of SMEs. The supported actions include trainings, facilitation of the access to market and measures fostering trans-European partnerships. The Programme also supports exchanges between entrepreneurs (EYE, Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs).
Creative Europe is the European Commission's Programme for support to the culture and audio-visual sectors. The Programme consists of two sub-programmes; the Culture sub-programme and the MEDIA sub-programme.
The European Union is particularly focused on mobility, transnational cooperation and the financial capability of the cultural and creative sectors (in particular SMEs and associations), aiming to develop new training models, in order to foster innovation and access to new markets.
The Programme Customs 2020 supports the collaboration among customs authorities in the European Union. The aim of the Programme is to improve their efficiency, achieve a better cohesion in order to avoid the deterioration of the customs union.
Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI)
The Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) supports projects in 47 different developing Countries, which are in the OECD/DAC List of recipients of Official Development Assistance and do not benedfit of other instruments of the EU external assistance.
The different geographical sub-programmes support measures in following fields:
- Human rights, democracy and good governance;
- Inclusive and sustainable growth for human development;
- Other relevant fields in the frame of development cooperation, namely migration and asylum, the link between humanitarian relief and development cooperation, resilience and disaster risk reduction and development and security, including conflict prevention.
The Erasmus+ Programme supports the academic and professional training of young people, by means of modernising education and professional training systems. Furthermore, the Programme supports EU Member States and Partner States in modernizing their education and professional training systems. In the frame of the Erasmus+ Programme projects in the sports sector are also financed.
Europe for Citizens
The Programme Europe for Citizens focuses on the understanding of EU decision-making processes, the promotion of citizens’ participation and on shared European remembrance. Europe for Citizens is divided into two strands: “European Remembrance” and “Democratic engagement and civic participation”.
European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI)
The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) is aimed at supporting political, economic and social reform processes in the neighbouring countries* of the European Union (EU). The objective of the policy is to support cooperation and progressive economic integration between the EU and partner Countries.
ENI support focuses mainly on:
• Promoting human rights and the rule of law; establishing deep and sustainable democracy and developing a thriving civil society;
• Sustainable and inclusive growth and economic, social and territorial development; including progressive integration in the EU internal market;
• Mobility and people-to-people contacts; including student exchanges, civil society;
• Regional integration; including Cross-Border Cooperation.
* In this context neighbouring Countries are following: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Moldova, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority, Syria, Tunisia, and Ukraine
The aim of the Programme Fiscalis 2020 is to facilitate the exchange of information and expertise among national tax administrations of the European Member States. The objective of the Programme is to develop and operate in partnership a trans-European IT systems in partnership, as well as establishing a network among national authorities.
Health for Growth
The Health for Growth Programme supports EU Member States policies in the health sector. The aim of the Programme is to improve national health systems and decrease existing differences among health care systems.
The Programme focuses on four general objectives:
- To promote health, to prevent diseases and to encourage favourable environments for healthy life styles, and include the topic of health in different policy fields;
- To protect EU citizens from severe crossborder health threats;
- To contribute to the creation of innovative, efficient and sustainable health systems;
- To ease access to better and safer health care systems for EU citizens.
The aim of the Hercule III Programme is to fight fraud, corruption and any other illegal activity opposing the financial interests of the European Union.
Horizon 2020 is the Programme financing the research and innovation sector for the programming period 2014-2020. The aim of the Programme is to build a knowledge and innovation based society, a more competitive economy worldwide and to contribute to sustainable development.
The Programme has three main pillars: “Excellent Scinece”, “Industrial Leadership” and “Societal Challenges”.
The pillar “Excellent Science” supports the activities of researchers in highly innovative fields, inter-disciplinary cooperation, the development of emerging areas in the scientific and technological field, researchers’ cross-border mobility, building new research infrastructures and networking the existing ones. The specific objectives of the “Industrial Leadership” pillar focus on the research support in the nanotechnologies, innovative resources and biotechnologies fields. Another objective is to support innovative small and medium-sized enterprises with high growth potential, in order to improve their access to credits and to financial instruments. The pillar “Societal Challenges” foresees the funding of actions and activities in following sectors:
- Health, demographic change and wellbeing;
- Food security, sustainable agriculture and forestry, marine and maritime and inland water research, and the Bioeconomy;
- Secure, clean and efficient energy;
- Smart, green and integrated transport;
- Climate action, environment, resource efficiency and raw materials;
- Europe in a changing world - inclusive, innovative and reflective societies;
- Secure societies - protecting freedom and security of Europe and its citizens.
IPA - Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance
IPA II is the cooperation programme of the European Union with the “enlargement Countries”. In particular, the Programme focuses on promoting democracy, good governance, rule of law, growth and competitiveness.
The funding supports projects fostering the process of process of change and adaptation in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia, and Turkey in the frame of the EU accession process.
Justice is the Programme of the European Union for the development of European legal systems.
The Programme has four objectives:
- Simplification and support to cooperation in the field of civil and criminal law;
- Funding for legal training;
- Access to justice for everyone;
- Support to initiatives in the field of policies concerning drugs with regard to legal cooperation and crime prevention.
LIFE: Environment and Climate Action
The LIFE Programme should contribute to develop sustainable development and to reach the objectives of the Europe 2020 Strategy in the frame of the strategies and plans of the European Union on climate and environment. LIFE has two sub-programmes: “Environment” and “Climate”.
The Programme Pericles 2020 supports measures in favour of the protection of the Euro and against Euro counterfeiting and frauds. The objective of the Programme Pericles 2020 is to fund cross-border cooperation in the field of the fight against money falsification inside and outside the European Union.
Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme
The Programme Rights, Equality and Citizen promotes activities in the field of non-discrimination, gender equality, fight against racism, xenophobia, homophobia and other forms of intolerance. Furthermore, it finances measures supporting the rights of people with disabilities and measures combating violence against children, young people and women.