In accordance with the principle of subsidiarity, each Member State of the European Union (EU) has full competence on its own education and training policies. However, the EU has launched several cooperation programmes in the area of education and training as education plays a central role for the future of Europe. The aim is to coordinate and facilitate the learning process, as well as to encourage cooperation among Member States.
The EU and the Member States agreed on a set of indicators in order to assess the progress that was made in this area:
• The ratio of 15-year old teenagers with insufficient literacy, mathematical and scientific skills should be lower than 15%;
• The rate of early school leavers should be lower than 10%;
• At least 40% of 30-year old adults should have completed university studies;
• At least 20% of graduates should have spent some time abroad during their degree or training.
Culture and the audio-visual sector also lie within the competence of the Member States. However, the EU provides support in order to face common challenges, such as the fast development of new technologies. It furthermore promotes cultural diversity and dialogue among cultures as well as cultural and creative industries, thus stimulating growth and employment in these sectors within the Union. The EU also established lasting partnerships with stakeholders, namely Member States, Regions, cultural associations and other operators in the sector. It did so in order to implement the European agenda for culture, which was adopted in 2007.
European Commission – Education and Training
European Parliament – Culture and Education Committee (CULT)
Council of the European Union - Education, Youth, Culture and Sport Council configuration (EYCS)
Committee of the Regions – Commission for Social Policy, Education, Employment, Research and Culture (SEDEC)